A Comprehensive Review of Adult Stem Cell Research Advances

Mubeena Khatun*

This abstract highlights recent advances in adult stem cell research, emphasizing their therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action. Adult stem cells, found in various tissues, exhibit self-renewal and differentiation capabilities, enabling tissue repair and regeneration. Their applications span hematopoietic cell transplantation for blood disorders, mesenchymal stem cells’ immunomodulatory properties, and neural stem cells’ potential in neurological conditions. Mechanisms involve paracrine signaling through bioactive molecules. Challenges include standardization, donor variability, and ethical concerns. As efforts continue to unveil molecular insights, refine protocols, and overcome obstacles, adult stem cells hold promise for transformative regenerative therapies.