Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury

Selena Orman

The primary cause of death and impairment in children is traumatic brain injury (TBI). Children's physical abilities, age-related anatomical and physiological changes, the pattern of injuries, and the difficulties in neurological examination in children all contribute to pediatric TBI's unique characteristics that set it apart from adult TBI. There has been a lot of work done to understand the pathophysiology of the specific pathological response that TBI in children appears to elicit, along with the different neurological symptoms that go along with it. Additionally, recent technical developments in pediatric TBI diagnostic imaging have made it easier to make a precise diagnosis, choose the right course of action, avoid complications, and forecast long-term outcomes. This article presents a review of current studies that are pertinent to significant issues in pediatric TBI and also discusses recent particular subjects. The pathogenesis, diagnosis, and age-appropriate acute therapy of pediatric TBI are all critically updated in this review.